What Is the Definition of a Labor Agreement

According to developers, LPAs can be used by owners of public projects such as school boards or municipal councils to set goals for local job creation and social welfare goals through the construction projects for which they apply. [3] [59] [86] The PLA may contain provisions for targeted provisions on recruitment and apprenticeship quotas. The CBA is the result of an extensive negotiation process between the parties on issues such as wages, hours of work and working conditions. Studies have found that LPAs provide benefits to project owners and local communities and discriminate against contractors and non-unionized workers. A study by Fred B. Kotler, J.D., associate director of Cornell University`s School of Industrial and Labor Relations in 2009, found that there is no evidence that APLs discriminate against employers and employees, limit the pool of bidders, and increase construction costs. [110] In a 2009 report by Dale Belman of Michigan State University; Matthew M. Bodah of the University of Rhode Island and Peter Philips of the University of Utah, the authors explained that the agreements bring benefits to the community rather than increase costs. According to their report, project costs are directly related to the complexity of a project, not the existence of an agreement. They found that APLs are not suitable for all projects, but some projects are good candidates for their use, such as.B. very complex construction projects.

[111] Studies have also examined how LPAs can benefit communities by hiring locals. In an article that focused on whether APLs for projects developed by the Los Angeles Community College District (LACCD), Los Angeles Unified School District (LAUSD) and the City of Los Angeles met local hiring targets, the author noted that the 30% local hiring target set by the PLA had been met. [112] On February 17, 2001, President George W. Bush signed Executive Order 13202, “Preservation of Open Competition and Government Neutrality Towards Government Contractors` Labor Relations on Federal and Federally Funded Construction Projects,” which prohibits the use of APL for construction projects with federal funds. [21] This order stipulated that construction projects that receive federal funding cannot impose project employment contracts. [22] In particular, the order stated that neither the federal government nor any organization acting with federal assistance may require or prohibit contractors from signing union agreements as a condition of carrying out work on publicly funded construction projects. [21] The order allowed all previously agreed LPAs to continue and did not affect projects that had not received federal funding. [23] Bush`s order revoked the previous PLA executive order, Clinton Order 12836, which revoked the executive order issued by President George H.W. Bush in 1992.

[16] President George W. The Chamber of Commerce[62] has actively spoken out against the use of LPAs, especially for government projects […].